Sometimes free climbing on a rock climbing walls has been confused with the single integral (ropeless climbing). Actually it is not exactly the same since the term “free climbing” does not specify the use of the rope. It is called free climbing when the climber climbs with the help of his hands and feet.
In this type of climbing rocks, if necessary, insurance can be used as points to be sure, but not to progress. The opposite of free climbing is “artificial.”
Rock Climbing Walls: Artificial Climbing
The artificial one is a type of climbing rocks where there is insurance help, not only as safety points but also as progression points. The climber is grabbed by the hands on the locks and normally some steps, called stirrups, are also used to support the feet. These stirrups are locked in the locks by a carabiner or similar.
The term artificial can be confusing with indoor climbing (types of climbing walls). But, it really has nothing to do with it. Artificial climbing takes place on natural rock.
In this type of climbing the route can be more or less equipped. When the equipment is ready, it indicates how and when it is unpacking or semi-equipping takes place. It also indicates with a scale of degrees that goes from A1 to A6 depending on it.
When climbing takes place in high mountain areas, being, in many cases, one of the most committed types of climbing that exist. In the expeditions, this term also defines an ascension style.
What Is Alpine Climbing?
The Alpine-style is born in the Alps and is based on ascending quickly, simply and lightly: the climber reaches the mountain, climbs with his means and descends as soon as possible. The use of large infrastructures such as fixed ropes, camp systems, hammocks, any type of provision of planned or logistics supplies with external support is not accepted.
Rock Climbing Walls: Big Wall
As the name implies, it refers to the type of climbing rocks that is practiced on large rock walls. In the collective imagination, big walls usually have great complications in routes with long sections of artificial climbing. They are a type of path that usually requires several days of ascension and often the use of hammocks for sleeping on the wall.
Currently, big walls are also made in freestyle.
Rock Climbing Walls: Boulder
The name is as such because boulder climbing (or block climbing) involves climbing low-rise rocks. In this type of climbing, there is no rope or insurance whatsoever. Instead, they usually use a kind of hard mattresses (called Crash Pads), although they are not always essential. In the beginning, bouldering took place without them and currently, some climbers continue to do so.
Boulder climbing was born with the aim of training to climb mountains, although many climbers currently practice bouldering as a specific modality.
In some places, when the blocks are very high and dangerous, people call them Sunamis.
The psychobloc is a type of climbing rocks across cliffs, or in the sea or lake. In English, it is known as “Deep Water Soloing”. The practitioner does not use ropes or safety means. In the event of a fall, it is important that there is sufficient depth so that the water can absorb the impact. Knowing how to fall well so as not to suffer injuries is also a skill that must be developed. Falls in lake water, being flat waters, can be more dangerous.