Climbing encompasses different disciplines and modalities. At first, it can be a bit complicated to know them and know how they differ. The distinctions may be due to its methodologies, such as free climbing and artificial climbing. In the middle where it is done, such as rock climbing, ice climbing, mixed climbing, alpine climbing, urban climbing or on the artificial walls of a climbing wall. The different disciplines vary in mentalities, the material used and the modes of protection: classical climbing, sports, bouldering, Ferrata or psychobloc. In this article I will try, with examples, to make clear the different types of climbing and their differences.
Familiar Climbing Methods – Free Scale
The climber can only use his body to progress climbing. This does not prevent the use of magnesium, climbing shoes, tape or knee pads. The function of all of them is to optimize the performance of the body itself. The rest of the materials will have the only safety function against a fall or accident (harness, express belts, rope, helmet, …).
Free climbing owes much to advances in safety and the latest technologies in climbing materials.
Many equipped roads take years to break free. There are teams that choose to create an aid to facilitate the passage and make the total degree of the route more consistent. Others prefer to leave them intact for future generations. Some are artificially climbed until climbers capable of releasing them arrive. This is what the following video of Jorg Verhoeven shows in El Capitan.
It is best to do it in the high mountains. It is the type of climbing that carries more risk and requires a greater amount of skills and materials, as it usually mixes traditional climbing, artificial climbing, and ice climbing. An alpine climber must develop freely, climbing on rock, snow or ice, and in extreme conditions. Also know how to drive in the high mountains and all the dangers that entail. You must react to avalanches and drastic changes at the weather level, in addition to reading maps and having a good orientation.
Before embarking on an adventure of this kind, you should gather as much information as possible about the route and the material needed to do it. Keep in mind that the same route will be totally different depending on the time of year.
Familiar Climbing Methods – Classic Or Traditional Climb
It is a type of climbing performed on clean walls of insurance. They are usually less accessible routes and several lengths. It is the most respectful climbing with the environment and implies a greater burden of adventure and risk.
Climbers must carry, among their material, different insurance tailored to the characteristics of the route. Normally, these insurances will not be to ascend, making a free climb. Although sometimes they can be used to move from one length to another when the wall does not allow it freely.
Normally, the first climber places the insurance. These can be tapes in natural anchors, such as trees or rock bridges, or artificial insurance, such as recesses, nails, fissures, friends,… The second climber, secured from above, picks them up. However, it can be left several days if you want to continue testing the route to chain it or release it.
Familiar Climbing Methods – Sports Climbing
Sport climbing is a type of free climbing that emphasizes sports performance over risk and adventure values. The difficulty is sought but always supported by security.
To do this, the teams install permanent anchors in the wall, commonly called ” plates “. These can be expansion systems, such as parabolts, or chemical bolts, much more resistant. Sports climbers usually carry express tapes, which they will place in these insurances. The rope will pass through the lower carabiner of these ribbons.
The first sport climbing has been gaining popularity until it is the most common today. Thanks to this security, and after a stage of learning the basics, the climber can climb focusing on the climbing itself. It will get into a state of flux, without worrying about exposure to risk.